A dog can be a man’s best friend. However, even best of friends can misunderstand each other. Think your dog sniffing your neighbors’ puppy’s butt means your dog just loves smelling booties? Well, fear not. Canines just like greeting new acquaintances that way. Like a handshake.

This and many other behaviors are easily explicable. That is why it’s important for all dog owners to have a go-to list (like this one) on how to decode our furry buddies.

Check out these 48 common dog behaviors and how to interpret them.